Flowering Trees of Australia

Jacaranda mimosifolia (syn. Jacaranda acutifolia) – The Blue Jacaranda is actually native to South America but is widely planted in tropical regions. This tree produces fragrant pale purple trumpet flowers in 1 foot-long panicles and blooms for about 2 months. It grows 15-45′ tall and has beautiful fine textured compound foliage. It is also considered an invasive species in Queensland.

Corymbia ficifolia (syn. Eucalyptus ficifolia) – The Red-Flowering Gum is a commonly planted street tree which is native to coastal Western Australia. It is a prolific bloomer with pink to reddish buds followed by brilliant orange to red flowers that attract birds such as the Rainbow Lorikeet. This evergreen tree grows 20 to 30′ tall and generally blooms around the Christmas season.

Cassia fistula – This native of India and Pakistan goes by many common names, including Indian Laburnum and Golden Shower Tree. Growing 30 to 60′ tall, this species produces large pendulous racemes of yellow flowers, followed by prominent sausage-like seedpods that are 1 to 2′ long. Indian Laburnum is a deciduous tree and has been used medicinally by indigenous peoples.

Brachychiton acerifolius (syn. B. acerifolium) – The Illawarra Flame Tree or Kurrajong is a native of subtropical east coast Australia and grows to an average height of 60′ high. It is a deciduous species that sheds its leaves after the dry season, with abundant red bell-shaped flowers often borne when the tree is leafless. The corn-like seeds are roasted and eaten by Aborigines.

Schefflera actinophylla (syn. Brassaia actinophylla) – The Octopus or Umbrella Tree is native to Queensland and the Northern Territory, as well as  New Guinea and Java. It is an evergreen species, growing to 50′ tall with compound foliage composed of  seven leaflets. It bears terminal racemes of red flowers (at maturity) and the fruits are eaten by Flying Foxes.

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