Malus x domestica ‘Goodland’ (syn. ‘Morden 354’) – This hardy apple was developed at the agriculture research station in Morden Manitoba and was discovered as an open-pollinated seedling of Malus ‘Patten Greening’. It bears 2.5-3″ wide fruits that are creamy-green with a red blush and are good for fresh eating or cooking. Harvest early to mid September. Stores well. Zone 3.
Malus x domestica ‘Golden Delicious’ – A chance seedling that was discovered in West Virginia in 1905, it was subsequently purchased for $5000 by Stark Brothers Nursery. It is a good all purpose apple with crisp golden fruit that is excellent for fresh eating or cooking. It is also an RHS Award of Garden Merit winner. Harvest late October. Stores for 8 months. Zone 4.
Malus x domestica ‘Red Sparkle’ – Another of the ‘prairie hardy’ apples (about 2.5″ across) with a bright red finish and white flesh. It makes a good dessert or eating apple and was introduced by the Morden research station in Manitoba. Apples such as this have been bred for colder climates and have been successfully grown in zone 2 regions. Harvest early September. Stores well. Zone 3.
Malus x domestica FLORINA (syn. ‘Querina’) – A French introduction resulting from a ‘Golden Delicious’ x ‘Jonathan’ x ‘Rome Beauty’ cross that is scab resistant. It is a flavorful, crisp eating apple with yellowish-green skin overlaid with a reddish-purple blush. Reported to be a partial tip-bearer, so expect terminal fruits. Harvest in October. Stores 5 months. Zone 4.
Malus x domestica ‘Cortland’ – This 1915 introduction is a cross of ‘Ben Davis’ and ‘McIntosh’ and is primarily an eating or cider apple. The large red fruits have crisp white flesh that is nicely tart and slow to brown when cut, making it ideal for salads. It is partially self-fertile but crops better with cross-pollination. Harvest late September. Stores for 4 months. Zone 4.