Pears & Quince / Pyrus & Cydonia

pyrusredbartlett (299x300)Pyrus communis ‘Red Bartlett’ – There are actually three common clones sold generically as ‘Red Bartlett’, including ‘Sensation Red Bartlett’, ‘Rosi Red Bartlett’ and ‘Max Red Bartlett’ (discovered 1938). These sports are similar to ‘Bartlett’ with a bright rosy-red overlay. Ripens from late August to early September. 15-18′ high (depending on rootstock). Zone 5

pearanjou (300x299)Pyrus communis ‘Anjou’ (syn ‘Beurre d’Anjou’, ‘Nec Plus Meuris’) – This light green, short-neck winter pear originated in Europe and does not turn yellow as it ripens. It is ready to pick around late September and can be stored for 4-5 months. More cold hardy than ‘Bartlett’. Crops best with cross-pollination. Grows 15-18′ high (depending on rootstock). Hardy to zone 4.

pearbosc1 (292x300)Pyrus communis ‘Bosc’ (syn. ‘Beurre Bosc’) – This heirloom (1807) introduction from Belgium is a good universal pollinator for most pear cultivars. It features a long thin neck, russeted brown skin and juicy cream-coloured flesh that can be grainy. ‘Bosc’ is highly productive and ripens from late September  to mid October. Grows 15-20′ high (depending on rootstock). Zone 5.

pearbartlett (297x300)Pyrus communis ‘Bartlett’ – The most commonly planted pear in coastal BC and also a partially self-fertile cultivar that will crop heavier with cross-pollination from another variety. It produces large bright yellow fruits with a thin skin and juicy sweet flesh, usually ripening mid August. ‘Bartlett’ is the quintessential canning pear. Grows 15-18′ high (depending on rootstock). Zone 5.

quincechampion (300x299)Cydonia oblonga ‘Champion’ – This cultivar of fruiting quince produces round to pear-shaped yellow fruits in October. It also bears attractive pale pink to white flowers (2″ across) and large rounded leaves that are heavily felted on the reverse. The fruit is generally made into jelly or cooked with pork, as it is very hard in its raw state. Self-fertile. Grows 12-15′ high. Hardy to zone 5.

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