Malus x domestica ‘Belle de Boskoop’ – This RHS Award of Garden Merit winner is a Dutch heirloom that was discovered back in 1856. It is a good cooking and eating apple, although it is rather sharp when fresh, making it an acquired taste. This cultivar is a triploid, so it is not suitable as a pollinator for another apple. Harvest early October. Stores 6-7 months. Hardy to zone 4.
Malus x domestica ‘Elstar’ – Another RHS Award of Garden Merit winner and introduction from the Netherlands, albeit much later in 1972. This cross of ‘Golden Delicious’ and ‘Ingrid Marie’ is a superb eating apple, with an intense sweet flavour. It is also good for adding to salads, as the fresh cut pieces are not prone to browning. Harvest early October. Stores for 3 months. Zone 4.
Malus x domestica ‘Creston’ – This product of the apple breeding program in Summerland BC was introduced in 1997. It is a cross of ‘Golden Delicious’ and an unreleased apple called ‘NJ 381049’. ‘Creston’ is a duo-purpose apple, being good for both fresh eating and cooking, although it is a triploid and cannot be used as a pollinator. Harvest late September. Stores 3 months. Zone 4.
Malus x domestica ‘Hokuto’ – A hard to find apple cultivar that is a cross between ‘Fuji’ and ‘Mutsu’ (syn. ‘Crispin’) and was introduced in 1983 from Japan. It is a dessert or eating apple with reddish stripes over greenish-yellow skin and sweet cream coloured flesh – which is also quite crisp, with moderate acidity. Harvest in late October. Stores well. Hardy to zone 4.
Malus x domestica ‘Red Rome’ (syn. ‘Rome Beauty’, ‘Rome’) – This sport from a rootstock graft was discovered in the 1820’s and produces intensely red fruit with a mild flavour. It is truly an all-purpose apple, being highly prized for baking, drying and making cider. Stored apples can become mealy and lose their flavour. Harvest mid to late Oct. Stores 4-5 months. Zone 5.