Rosa nutkana – Nooktka Rose is a common site in coastal BC meadows with its single 2″ wide silvery-pink blooms contrasted by pale yellow stamens. They are sweetly scented and borne from May to July – followed by deep red hips. It tolerates moist soils and temporary flooding, but is not appropriate for permanently boggy sites. Grows 3-6′ high by 4-6′ wide. Hardy to zone 5.
Achlys triphylla – Vanilla-Leaf is often found growing with western bleeding heart (Dicentra formosa) on the forest floor in coastal BC. It has three distinct leaflets with scalloped edges and gives off a vanilla scent when dried. Small white bottlebrush blooms appear above the foliage in mid spring. This herbaceous perennial spreads by rhizomes. Grows 12″ high by 36″+ wide. Hardy to zone 6.
Crataegus douglasii – Black Hawthorn is a large shrub or small tree (deciduous) which was discovered by botanist David Douglas. It bears clusters of white blooms in mid to late spring followed by edible black berries. The juvenile bark is reddish-brown and the branches are armed with 1/2 to 1″ long thorns. Attracts wild birds for nesting and food. Grows 10 to 18′ high. Hardy to zone 5.
Salix discolor – Our native Pussy Willow is commonly found along roadside ditches, where it can can find the evenly moist soil it prefers. The males (this species is dioecious) produce silvery catkins in early spring before the leaves emerge, and matures with yellow pollen. May develop as either a large multi-branched shrub or small tree. Grows 15-20′ high and wide. Zone 4.
Mimulus lewisii – This perennial Monkeyflower is named after the great explorer Meriwether Lewis. The pale pink to magenta blooms are borne terminally throughout the summer and often attract hummingbirds. This species is usually found near stream banks (often in high elevations) and has green, lance-shaped foliage. Grows 12-36″ high by 12-18″ wide. Hardy to zone 4.