Cultivated & Wild Plums

plumyellowegg2 (300x292)Prunus domestica ‘Yellow Egg’ (syn. ‘Pershore Yellow Egg’) – This European Plum produces large egg-shaped yellow fruit (freestone) with a sweet flavour. It is an RHS Award of Garden Merit winner and often used for fresh eating, baking and canning. ‘Yellow Egg’ is self-fertile but produces better with a cross-pollinator. Grows 15-20′ (depending on rootstock). Zone 5.

plumcersatropurpurea (298x300)Prunus cerasifera ‘Atropurpurea’ – This cultivar of Myrobalan or Cherry Plum is often found in older, established gardens. The leaves emerge a reddish-purple and fade to bronze-green in summer. White to light pink flowers are borne before the leaves emerge and are followed by 1″ wide red fruits that make a good jam. Self-fertile. Grows 15-25′ high by 15-20′ wide. Zone 5.

indianplum (300x287)Oemleria cerasiformis (syn. Osmaronia cerasiformis) – Although not a true plum, Indian Plum is a large deciduous shrub that bears white bell-shaped flowers in early spring. These are followed by small edible peach (ripening to bluish-black) plum-like fruits. This species has male and female flowers on separate plants. Coastal BC native. Grows 10-15′ high by 12′ wide. Hardy to zone 6.

plummirabelle (300x289)Prunus domestica subsp. syriaca ‘Mirabelle’ (syn. Prunus insititia ‘Mirabelle de Nancy’) – A popular French plum from Lorraine that is primarily grown for jam and brandy production, although they are also good for fresh eating. The small round yellow fruits are readily borne once the tree has matured in 3-5 years. Part self-fertile (pollinate with ‘Damson’). Grows 12-20′ high. Z5.

plumitalian2 (300x298)Prunus domestica ‘Italian’ (syn. ‘Italian Prune’) – The most popular local European Plum, much in part to its self-fertile nature and heavy production. It bears egg-shaped bluish-purple fruits with yellow flesh that are great for fresh eating, canning or drying. There is also an earlier cropping variety (‘Early Italian’) that produces in early September. Grows 12-20′. Zone 5.

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3 Responses to Cultivated & Wild Plums

  1. ig says:

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  2. Valerie Wells says:

    Thanks so much for the information & picture of the Indian plum. I stumbled upon an Indian plum tree yesterday while walking a trail in coastal Washington state and was nearly driven batty trying to find out what it is!

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