Quercus coccineus – Scarlet Oak is native to southern Ontario and much of the eastern United States. It features deeply lobed green leaves that shift to a vibrant scarlet in autumn, making it easier to distinguish from Pin Oak (Quercus palustris). It will eventually develop a rounded crown and is occasionally used as a street tree. Grows 50-70′ high by 40-50′ wide. Hardy to zone 5.
Carya laciniosa – The Shellbark Hickory produces sweet edible nuts (it is related to Walnut) and is also called by a second common name, the King Nut Hickory. It is a lowland species that tolerates moist soils found in flood plains along rivers and streams. The foliage shifts to a golden-yellow in fall, occasionally with green highlights. Grows 60-80′ tall by 40-60′ wide. Zone 5.
Liquidambar styraciflua – Sweetgum or American Sweetgum features highly aromatic (hence the common name) maple-shaped leaves that shift to a range of fall colours including red, orange and the purplish-black shown. It is native to the southeast United States, Central America and Mexico. Pyramidal when young but broadens with age. 60-80′ tall by 40-60′. Zone 6.
Betula lenta – Sweet or Cherry Birch is found from southern Ontario down to northern Georgia in the United States. It bears simple serrated green leaves that turn a bright yellow in fall and has shiny, reddish-brown bark that resembles some cherry trees. This species is resistant to Bronze Birch Borer and was a source of wintergreen oil. Grows 40-55′ tall by 35-40′ wide. Zone 3.
Nyassa sylvatica – Black Tupelo or Sour Gum is native from southern Ontario down to Mexico and is generally considered a lowland species, although it is also found on drier slopes. It often has separate male and female trees and produces sour dark blue fruits that are much sought after by the birds. Deep orange, red and purplish autumn hues. Grows 30-50′ tall by 20-30′. Z5.